1 . ENERGY SCENARIO
Syllabus Energy Situation: Commercial and noncommercial Energy, Primary Strength Resources, Industrial Energy Production, Final Energy Consumption, Energy Needs of Growing Economic climate, Long Term Energy Scenario, Strength Pricing, Strength Sector Reconstructs, Energy and Environment: Smog, Climate Modify, Energy Secureness, Energy Conservation and its Importance, Energy Technique for the Future, Energy Conservation Act-2001 and its Features.
1 . one particular Introduction
Energy is one of the significant inputs intended for the economical development of any kind of country. In the case of the expanding countries, the energy sector assumes a critical importance in view of the everincreasing strength needs necessitating huge assets to meet all of them. Energy could be classified in to several types based on the subsequent criteria: вЂў вЂў вЂў Primary and Secondary strength Commercial and Non commercial energy Renewable and nonrenewable energy
1 ) 2 Primary and Secondary Energy
Primary energy sources are those that happen to be either discovered or stored in nature. Common primary powers are fossil fuel, oil, natural gas, and biomass (such since wood). Additional primary powers available contain nuclear strength from radioactive substances, cold weather energy stored in earth's interior, and potential energy because of earth's the law of gravity. The major major and second energy sources happen to be shown in Figure 1 . 1 Primary energy sources are generally converted in industrial utilities into supplementary energy sources; for example coal, olive oil or gas converted into vapor and electrical power.
Open or perhaps Deep Souterrain
Secondary Energy Steam
Power Train station
Gas Very well
Oil Very well
Cracking and Refining
LPG Petrol Diesel/fuel oils
Number 1 . one particular Major Major and Supplementary Sources
Bureau of Energy Efficiency
1 ) Energy Scenario Primary strength can also be used immediately. Some powers have non-energy uses, one example is coal or natural gas can be utilised as a feedstock in fertilizer plants.
1 . 3 Industrial Energy and Non Commercial Energy
Commercial Energy The energy sources that exist in the market for a definite price happen to be known as business energy. The most important types of commercial energy are electricity, coal and refined petroleum products. Commercial energy varieties the basis of business, agricultural, transportation and commercial development now. In the developing countries, launched fuels are predominant origin not only to get economic development, but also for many household jobs of basic population. Cases: Electricity, lignite, coal, petrol, natural gas and so forth noncommercial Strength The energy resources that are not found in the commercial market for the price happen to be classified as noncommercial strength. Non-commercial energy sources include powers such as firewood, cattle muck and agricultural wastes, that are traditionally accumulated, and not discovered at a price applied especially in rural households. They are also called traditional fuels. Non-commercial energy is normally ignored in energy accounting. Example: Firewood, agro squander in rural areas; solar power for normal water heating, electric power generation, to get drying materials, fish and fruits; animal power to get transport, threshing, lifting water for water sources, crushing sugarcane; wind energy for lifting water and electricity generation.
1 . some Renewable and nonrenewable Strength
Renewable energy is definitely energy from sources which have been essentially inexhaustible. Examples of green resources consist of wind electricity, solar power, geothermal energy, tidal power and hydroelectric electric power (See Physique 1 . 2). The most important feature of alternative energy is that it might be harnessed without the release of harmful pollutants. Non-renewable strength is the standard fossil...