Gandhi compared to Aurobindo Composition

The essential question with regard to Hinduism is if it is in fact an individual religion or if " Hinduism” can be described as blanket term for a range of cultures and traditions? Essentially this problem pits Gandhi against Aurobindo. In a nutshell, Gandhi held a simplistic watch of Hinduism while Aurobindo acknowledged it is complexity. In addition, these two great thinkers embody the older duel between monism and dualism. In spite of having grown up in front of related backdrops, every man reacted in a different way—forming two distinct philosophies. The foundation of Gandhi's thoughts was the Advaita Vedanta. Gandhi believed Brahman alone was reality— the rest was nonexistent. Like Shankara, he was a monist. Furthermore, of the three yogas discussed in the Bhagavad Gita, Gandhi viewed jnana, spiritual understanding, as the most significant. Karma, simply a social action to Gandhi, was second and bakthi was previous, the least essential. He assumed that bakthi, devotion, just got you so far, that " devotion ultimately rested on an mental failure to understand the true and utterly transcendent nature of ultimate actuality, ” (Glucklich 204). It had been his good belief that insight was what allowed a person to realize one particular reality, fact, Brahman—call that what you want. It absolutely was also perception and the reputation of fact that allowed for one to develop the foundational principle of social values, ahimsa. Aurobindo, on the other hand, structured his morals on Santana-dharma—the eternal dharma. This idea encompassed most. We shall spend ourselves never to politics exclusively, not to social questions by itself, nor to theology or perhaps philosophy, or literature or perhaps science by themselves, but we all include each one of these in one organization which we feel to be all-important, the dharma, the national religion which usually we as well believe being universal (Glucklich 209) It absolutely was Aurobindo's view that updating India was a spiritual process, another point where him and Gandhi differed. He located emphasis on all of the three yogas....

Theory of Knowledge and Feeling Perception Dissertation