Mal M Nutr 16 (1): 25 - 39, 2008
Food Consumption Patterns: Findings from the Malaysian Adult Diet Survey(MANS) Norimah AK1, Safiah M2, Jamal K3, Siti Haslinda4, Zuhaida H5, Rohida S6, Fatimah S3, Siti Norazlin2, Poh BK1, Kandiah M7, Zalilah MS7, Wan Manan WM8, Fatimah S2 & Azmi MY9 1
2 3 4 a few 6 7
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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Teachers of Germane Health Savoir, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Abdul Muda Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Nutrition Section, Family Health Development Section, Ministry of Health, Malaysia Food Basic safety and Top quality Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia Research and Development Division, Office of Stats, Malaysia Division of Overall health, Penang, Ministry of Well being, Malaysia Division of Well being, Kedah, Ministry of Health, Malaysia Division of Nourishment and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Overall health Sciences Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia Division of Well being, Johore, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
SUMMARY This analyze reports the meals consumption habits of adults aged 18 to fifty nine years inside the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Study (MANS) completed between August 2002 and December 2003. A total of 6, 742 subjects comprising 3, 274 men and 3, 468 women symbolizing the northern, central, the southern area of and east coast of Peninsular Malaysia as well as Sabah and Sarawak were interviewed. A semiquantitative food consistency questionnaire (FFQ) which contains 126 foods was used to judge the food intake pattern (habitual food intake) of the respondents during the previous one- season period. The results demonstrate that nasi putih (cooked rice) was consumed by simply 97% of the population two times daily (average 2ВЅ discs per day). Other foodstuffs consumed daily were marine fish, (one medium seafood per day), green green vegetables (one cup per day) and sweetened compacted milk (three teaspoons daily. The mean frequencies for daily intake of rice, green vegetables, underwater fish, regional kuih, anchovy(ikan bilis) and biscuits were significantly larger among the country compared to the downtown adults. In contrast, more metropolitan dwellers used chicken and eggs more frequently than their very own rural alternatives. More males than women consumed rooster and ova more frequently. Malaysian adults showed a satisfactory behavior of ingesting plain normal water, with 00% drinking at least 6 glasses of plain water daily. Other refreshments such as tea (47%), espresso (28%), chocolate-based drinks (23%) and good syrup
Communication author: Assoc Prof Dr Norimah A Karim; Email: [email protected] ukm. my
Norimah AK OG VE et 's.
(11%) were consumed about daily basis, however , in a smaller portion of the populace. There were differences in the prevalence of daily consumption of foods when you compare urban and rural populace, and also between men and women. The prevalence of daily consumption of underwater fish among rural and urban adults was 51% and 34% respectively. To get sweetened compacted milk, women and men consumed 43% and 28% respectively; nevertheless , more women drank full cream milk than men. Involving the age groups, 21% of adults below two decades old used chicken at least once a day, whilst this style of intake was not proven in the elderly age groups. Each of our findings present that adults, aged 50 to 59 years old, acquired the highest frequency of daily consumption of full cream milk with 24% although those older 18 to 19 years of age had the cheapest prevalence of daily usage at 15%. The food intake pattern of Malaysian adults appears to be acceptable. However , a few changes in foodstuff habits are recommended specially in substituting the less wholesome sweetened condensed milk together with the more nourishing full cream or skimmed milk.
INTRODUCTION Food consumption info provide estimation on the level of each ready food consumed by persons. Food consumption data vary significantly...